Natural gas is an energy source often used for heating, cooking, and electricity generation. It is also used as fuel for ships and vehicles, and as a chemical feedstock in the manufacture of plastics and other commercially important organic chemicals.
Due to its high-energy content and low carbon content, natural gas is an essential alternative to oil and coal. Thanks to plentiful gas reserves, natural gas is expected to remain competitively priced.
Use of natural gas paves the way for innovative and efficient gas eco-systems.
Global and local environmental benefits
Natural gas can contribute to reducing global carbon dioxide emissions, as well as local air pollution. Natural gas offers these advantages:
- 20-30% reduced CO2 emissions
- No Sulphur Oxides (SOx) emissions, which - when combined with water - can form acid rain
- 85% reduced Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) emissions, which - when combined with water - can form corrosive acids and contributes to lung disease, asthma, heart disease. A primary constituent of smog.
- No particulate matters, such as soot and smoke from burning oil, which is a major health hazard and the deadliest form of air pollution
Efficient gas eco-systems
Natural gas complements, and can be mixed with, renewable biogas to develop innovative and efficient gas eco-systems.
LNG is liquefied Natural Gas
LNG is liquefied natural gas, a clear, colourless, non-toxic liquid that forms when natural gas is cooled to -162ºC (-260ºF). This shrinks the volume of the gas 600 times, making it easier to store and ship to markets and regions that are not linked to gas network.
The Nordic markets need LNG
Because most industrial regions in the Nordic markets are not linked to a gas network, LNG is the delivery point. For some major industrial regions, as in North-Sweden and West-Finland, the availability of LNG today is limited.
For the marine market, Norway is at the forefront in the use of LNG. Similar developments are underway in Sweden and Finland.
Skangas operates a complete LNG portfolio to meet the LNG need in the Nordic markets.